In Harvard style, these citations use the author’s name and first initial, the year of publication, and the page number on which the information appears. You should provide a citation for each fact, summary, paraphrase, or quotation you use from an outside source. If you don’t do this, it is plagiarism, a serious academic offense.
The MMU Harvard style requires you to reference each type of information source (eg book, article, webpage etc) in a standard way. The 'MMU Harvard reference types A-Z' section below provides examples of how to cite and reference a wide range of information source types. Please also consult the Citations section for instruction on how to.
Harvard referencing style is completely adjusted to the readers’ needs since the paper has a smooth flow in its presentation of ideas and references. The main aim of the Harvard writing style is to present explicit information about the sources utilized in the text.
Published conference papers. Published conference papers - papers presented at conferences, seminars, symposiums etc. sometimes are compiled and published as proceedings. The reference details required when citing a published conference paper are similar to that of a book chapter but should also include the place and date of the conference.
Using the Harvard Referencing System When you use someone else’s thoughts or ideas you must acknowledge that person or their work. This should be done in the body of the text as a citation, and as a full reference at the end of your document.
Jones et al. (2017) emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent and argued that referencing is a key part of academic integrity. Furthermore, having a broad range of references in a text is an indicator of the breadth of a scholar's reading and research (Jones et al., 2017).
This guide provides examples on how to reference visual material using the RMIT Harvard referencing style. Illustrations, etc.
Harvard Style. Harvard style is one of the several reference styles used in various forms of academic writing. One of the key characteristics of Harvard style is a special order in quotations and list of references. However style uses in-text quotations which are marked by the author of the book or study which is used in quotation.